About Family planning in India

© Pepe Pont/FVF © Pepe Pont / FVF

7, 000 million people live in the world and every year there are 73 million more, despite our inability to feed the current population. According to the United Nations Organization (UN) 18% of the world's population goes hungry, equivalent to the number of people in China.

Particularly in India, producing 51 births per minute, the UN estimates that one third of the population lives below the poverty line. "In developed countries considered the number of children per family has decreased substantially, but in developing countries the population control is still out of control, " said Dr. Bala, Kalyandurg Hospital Director Vicente Ferrer Foundation (FVF). "Today, we might say, that the techniques of family planning is a national need in India, " adds the director. Despite efforts to reduce the birth rate of the country, the UN says India will be in 2025 the world's most populous nation, with 1.460 million people.

20 years ago, in Anantapur, the average number of children per family was eight. Now has been reduced to two or three. Three factors have been instrumental in lowering this amount. Firstly, the increasing age of marriages, especially in urban areas, even though more than half of Indian women still marrying before 18. Second, the reduction of infant mortality, although still in unacceptable levels, as one in 20 children die before their first birthday. Finally, access to contraception systems.

Contraceptive methods are of two types, temporary and permanent. "In the temporary is where India does particularly poorly. There are no extended or condoms or pills, or other systems such as the IUD. It's basically a cultural issue: not conceive the fact within marriage. " For permanent systems, such as laparoscopic tubal ligation, Dr. Bala believes that "services should improve still widely in quality and safety for women." The Foundation currently has four family planning centers where laparoscopy is performed for women who want to end their childbearing. In addition, awareness campaigns are conducted in villages and in schools, youth and adults.

Beyond birth control Gandhi said that "the world is big enough to satisfy everyone's needs, but will always be too small to satisfy the greed of some." And is that "we can control the population, but if we do not distribute our resources in an equitable manner, we can never solve poverty. In India uncultivated land, no food, no water ... but they are in the hands of a few, "says Anna Ferrer, CEO and President of the VFF. "For 42 years we empower Dalits and tribal peoples to reclaim what belongs to the authorities. When given a small plot, we are the refurbished the building to the crop, and give them to plant fruit trees in it. This is the actual distribution of poverty, "he adds.

Education and awareness are other essential ingredients to achieve this change. Stopping birth in the largest democracy of the world is possible, but for that, you need a population with responsible behavior.

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