National Family Planning Conference

World Bank - Global family planning

LETTER OF RIO DE JANEIRO FOR SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS BY GENDER EQUITY AND IN DEFENSE OF THE STATE LAICO

LETTER OF RIO DE JANEIRO FOR SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS BY GENDER EQUITY AND IN DEFENSE OF THE STATE LAICO

We, researchers, teachers, students, managers and professionals, participants of the seminar "Health, Sexual and Reproductive Rights: subsidies for public policy", held in Rio de Janeiro on August 24, 2007, we express our support for public policies and actions in defense of sexual and reproductive rights in Brazil. We recognize the need to formulate and implement health policies that ensure the constitutional framework of moral plurality, secularism and equality in the field of sexual and reproductive rights.

Our position is based on results of scientific research groups and institutions of higher learning in the country, showing how the inequity of access to contraception and abortion illegal bring dire consequences for physical and mental health of women, and be a serious breach of human rights. Also reflects the experience of active participation in technical committees for formulation and monitoring of public policies on scientific associations and instances of social participation in defense of health, sexual and reproductive rights.

This position is based on principles defined in the Brazilian Constitution, the Family Planning Law and International Conventions such as the International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1994), the Fourth International Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (UN, 1979), the Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Belém do Pará, 1994), of which Brazil is a signatory.

The broad debate in Brazilian society is a reflection of an argument revived by the 1st National Conference on Policies for Women (2004) and the presentation in Congress of a bill to revise the legislation of abortion by the Minister Nilcéa Freire from the Special Secretariat of Policies for Women (2005). In recent months, were added to the statements of the Minister of Health Jose Gomes, urging the Brazilian society to discuss the issue of abortion as a public health problem.

The National Programme for Family Planning

We consider the timely launch of the National Programme for Family Planning by the Federal Government on May 28, 2007, aimed at ensuring equal rights of incorporation or limitation of offspring by women, men or couples. The Health System must provide all reversible methods approved by the National Agency for Sanitary Vigilance fertility regulation, as well as ensuring access to tubal ligation and vasectomy, allowing men also participate in reproductive planning. It should also be ensured infertility treatment for men and women needing it.

Social inequalities are large groups in the country's poorest depend on the state to have access to methods of fertility regulation for the free exercise of sexuality. The latest National Demographic and Health (PNDS/1996) showed that in the five years prior to its implementation, approximately 50% of births were not planned. Other studies show a high incidence of unwanted pregnancies among adolescents and young adults in Brazil. Unanticipated pregnancies often result in unsafe abortion.

Abortion: A public health issue

Abortion is a serious public health problem. It is estimated that there will be a million unsafe abortions annually in Brazil. It is the fourth leading cause of maternal death in the country, curettage postabortion the second most common obstetric procedure performed in public. Public policies should ensure access to safe and reversible contraceptives, emergency contraception and prevention of STD / AIDS, and promote intersectoral action against gender violence. These actions should be implemented in conjunction with the decriminalization and legalization of abortion in the country


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